What is the Macula?

The Macula is the retina’s central portion that is made up of many small and sensitive nerve cells and is responsible for our central vision. A healthy macula allows us to see objects in fine detail, be able to read and see colours.

When the macula is diseased, vision can be reduced or distorted.

Risk Factors of Vitreomacular Retinal

  • Genetics – with family history
  • High myopia (above 600 degrees)
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Repetitive physical impacts to the eyes

Floaters & Retinal Detachment Diseases

Vitreous humour is a jelly-like substance filling the space between the crystalline lens and the retina.

Pathological floaters may appear suddenly and occur in great numbers. This is due to the contraction and opacification of vitreous humour. Bleeding within the vitreous humour, inflammation of the uvea, retina tear or even detachment has to be excluded.

Symptoms of Retinal Detachment

  • Increased floaters
  • Increased flashes
  • Visual field loss
  • Visual distortion or disturbance


Many eye problems related to the macular are often detected in an eye exam, before the symptoms become noticeable.

Get an Eye Screening at 40.

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